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National Parks and major Willife Sanctuaries in India

Short description
Sundarban National Park, West Bengal
The Sundarbans National Park is a National Park , Tiger Reserve , UNESCO World Heritage Site and a Biosphere Reserve located in the Sundarbans delta in Indian state of West Bengal . This region is densely covered by mangrove forests , and is one of the largest reserves of the Bengal tiger . It is also home to a variety of bird , reptile and invertebrate species, including the salt-water crocodile .
Gorumara National Park, West Bengal

Gorumara National Park is a National Park in northern West Bengal , India. Located in the Terai region of the Himalayan foothills, it is a medium-sized park with grasslands and forests . It is primarily known for its population of Indian Rhinoceros .

Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary, West Bengal

Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected park situated at the foothills of Eastern Himalayas in Alipurduar Sub-Division of Jalpaiguri District in West Bengal and on the bank of river Torsa and have an area of 141 km² and altitude of 61 m. Jaldapara, the vast grassland with patches of riverine forests was declared a sanctuary in 1941 for protection of the great variety flora and fauna, particularly one-horned rhinos, an animal threatened with extinction.

Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand
Jim Corbett National Park —named after the hunter turned conservationist Jim Corbett who played a key role in its establishment—is the oldest national park in India. The park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park. Situated in Nainital district of Uttarakhand , the park acts as a protected area for the critically endangered Bengal tiger of India, the secure survival of which is the main objective of Project Tiger , an Indian wildlife protection initiative.
Bhitarkanika Mangrove Forest, Orissa
The virgin stretching beaches, lush green mangroves, migrating birds and turtles, the menacing estuarine crocodiles, meandering water courses, tranquil surrounding intercepted by the chirping of birds and the ever embracing nature, enthralls visitors from near and far off places to flock these unique places of tourist importance. Scientists, scholars, nature lovers and tourists have abundant food for thought and exploration.
Hazaribag Wildlife Sanctuary, Jharkhand

Hazaribag or Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary is in Jharkhand , India , established in 1955. It has an area of 184 km² and is home to leopards , tigers and sloths among many other animals. Nestling in low hilly terrain, at an average altitude of 615 meters in the Indian state of Jharkhand, the Hazaribagh National Park has an abundance of wild animals like the wild boar, sambar, nilgai, chital, sloth bear, tiger and panther.

Betla Wildlife Santuary, Jharkhand
Located in the district of Daltonganj, as Palamau Sanctuary the Betla National Park covers an expansive area of 979sq.km. The core area of the park that covers 232 sq. kms of the sanctuary was declared as Betla National Park in September 1989. The park forms an extension of the Hazaribagh National park and occupies the western parts of the Chotanagpur plateau. The extended part of the park i.e. Palamau region had the distinction of being the place where the world's first tiger census was enumerated in 1932 and te hpark in turn became on of the first 9 tiger reserves in India under 'Project Tiger' in 1974.
Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, Rajasthan
Bharatpur is an unraveled breeding site for the Painted Stork, Purple Heron, White Ibis, Eurasian Spoonbill and the Sarus Crane, India's largest bird and the biggest flying bird in the world. The last known wintering ground in India for the central population of the Siberian Crane, Bharatpur is also the favored winter destination of the Bar-headed Geese and an excellent place to view various owl species such as Dusky Eagle Owl, Brown Hawk Owl and Collared Scops Owl. Open throughout the year, the park is at its full glory when the migrant birds visit between October and February.
Ranthambhor National Park, Rajasthan

Ranthambore wildlife sanctuary is famous for its tigers and is one of the best places in India to see these majestic predators in the jungle . Tigers can be easily spotted even during the day Time. Good time to visit Ranthambore National park is in November and May when the nature of the dry deciduous forests makes sightings common. Its deciduous forests were once a part of the magnificent jungles of Central India.

Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala

The pride of Kerela and a testimony to nature's splendour and human innovation, the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary is situated on the banks of the Periyar lake - an artificial lake, at Thekkady.   Here the high ranges of the Western Ghats are clothed in dense evergreen, moist deciduous forests and savannah grass lands.   Below this thick green canopy roam herds of elephants, sambars, tigers, gaurs, lion tailed macaques and Nilgiri langurs.

In addition to elephant rides, cruises on the lake and treks to the ruined Mangala Devi temple - a beautiful old stone temple situated in the heart of the Thekkady forest, this sanctuary offers the unique opportunity to watch  and photograph wild elephants at close quarters.

Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh

Kanha National Park is a national park and a Tiger Reserve in the Mandla and Balaghat districts of Madhya Pradesh , India . In the 1930s, Kanha area was divided into two sanctuaries, Hallon and Banjar, of 250 and 300 km² each. Kanha National Park was created on 1 June 1955 . Today it stretches over an area of 940 km² in the two districts Mandla and Balaghat . Together with a surrounding buffer zone of 1009 km² and the neighboring 110 km² Phen Sanctuary it forms the Kanha Tiger Reserve. The park has a significant population of Royal Bengal Tiger , leopards , the sloth bear , Barasingha and Indian wild dog .

Rajaji National Park, Uttarakhand
Rajaji National Park is distinct for its pristine scenic beauty and rich bio-diversity. A paradise for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts, the wildlife of the park is blessed with elephants, tigers, leopards, deers and ghorals as its best known life forms. Three sancturies in the Uttaranchal, Shivaliks - Rajaji, Motichur and Chila were amalgamated into a large protected area and named Rajaji National Park in the year 1983 after the famous freedom fighter Late Sri C. Rajgopalachari; popularly known as "Rajaji". This area is the North Western Limit of Asian elephants . Spread over an area of 820.42 sq km, Rajaji is a magnificient ecosystem nestled in the Shivalik ranges and the beginning of the vast Indo–Gangetic plains, thus representing vegetation of several distinct zones and forest types like sal forests, reverine forests, board–leaved mixed forests, scrubland and grassy. It posseses as many as 23 species of mammals and 315 bird species.The abundance of nature's bounties heaped in and around this park, are bound to attract a large number of wildlife conservationalists, nature lovers and eco-friends to visit this most breathtaking wilderness area.
Kaziranga National Park, Assam
Kaziranga National Park is a national park in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam , India . A World Heritage Site , the park hosts two-thirds of the world's Great One-horned Rhinoceroses. Kaziranga boasts the highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world and was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006. The park is home to large breeding populations of elephants , wild water buffalo, and swamp deer. Kaziranga is recognised as an Important Bird Area by Birdlife International for conservation of avifaunal species. Compared to other protected areas in India, Kaziranga has achieved notable success in wildlife conservation. Located on the edge of the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot, the park combines high species diversity and visibility.

Last Updated on Tuesday, 27 July 2010 20:25